- University of Oregon
- Affiliation During NDIAS Fellowship: Johns Hopkins University
- Residential Fellow (2011-2012)
- “Cycles of Renewal and Collapse: Portugal and Brazil, c. 1780-1845”
Gabriel Paquette is Associate Provost for Academic Affairs and Professor of History at the University of Maine. His research explores aspects of European, Latin American, and International History.
Paquette’s first book, published in 2008, analyzes the intellectual origins of the reform program undertaken by the Spanish Crown in the Iberian Peninsula and Spanish America during the second half of the eighteenth century. His second book, published in 2013, is a history of the Portuguese Atlantic World, c. 1770-1850, focusing on the independence of Brazil. Paquette’s third book, published in 2019, is a synthetic and synoptic history of the Western European “seaborne” empires in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.
Paquette edited a volume on late eighteenth-century enlightened reform in Atlantic context (2009) and co-edited a new translation of Jovellanos’s 1795 Report on the Agrarian Law (2016). He co-edited a volume on European-Latin American relations after the dissolution of the Ibero-Atlantic empires (2013). This volume elaborates on themes first addressed in a co-edited special issue of European History Quarterly (2011).
In addition to his principle areas of research, Paquette has written on several related (and occasionally somewhat unrelated) topics, including the history of Anglo-Iberian relations, Spanish American Independence, Marx and Hegel, Romanticism, and early nineteenth-century Liberalism. Some publications related to this latter topic include a guest-edited special issue of History of European Ideas (2015) as well as articles in Modern Intellectual History (2013) and the Historical Journal (2015). Paquette also contributes semi-regularly to publications aimed at a wider audience, including The Times Literary Supplement, History Today, National Geographic Historia, Inside Higher Ed, The Guardian, and the Revista de Occidente.
Paquette holds a Ph.D. from the University of Cambridge. Before arriving at Hopkins, he held research and teaching posts at Trinity College (Cambridge), Harvard University, and Wesleyan University. More recently, his research has been supported by the National Endowment for the Humanities and the University of Cambridge (Balzan-Skinner Fellowship). Paquette was Sons of the American Revolution Visiting Professor at King’s College London in 2017.
Imperial Portugal in the Age of Atlantic Revolutions: The Luso-Brazilian World, c.1770–1850
Cambridge University Press, 2014
As the British, French and Spanish Atlantic empires were torn apart in the Age of Revolutions, Portugal steadily pursued reforms to tie its American, African and European territories more closely together. Eventually, after a period of revival and prosperity, the Luso-Brazilian world also succumbed to revolution, which ultimately resulted in Brazil’s independence from Portugal. The first of its kind in the English language to examine the Portuguese Atlantic World in the period from 1750 to 1850, this book reveals that despite formal separation, the links and relationships that survived the demise of empire entwined the historical trajectories of Portugal and Brazil even more tightly than before. From constitutionalism to economic policy to the problem of slavery, Portuguese and Brazilian statesmen and political writers laboured under the long shadow of empire as they sought to begin anew and forge stable post-imperial orders on both sides of the Atlantic.