Each year, the Notre Dame Institute for Advanced Study awards research fellowships to a diverse group of researchers who are working on interdisciplinary projects related to its yearly Research Theme. The research theme for 2023-2024 is The Long Run. The theme for 2024-2025 will be The Good Life.

The NDIAS has supported projects from virtually every academic field and has funded researchers at every stage of their career, from graduate students to endowed professors. The Institute has also funded researchers from a wide variety of institutions, including top research universities, public policy centers, and liberal arts colleges.

Currently, the NDIAS currently offers four types of fellowships: